What is Affray in NSW Law?


Affray in NSW law is classified as a ‘public disorder’ offence, and comes with penalties ranging from fines, to ten years imprisonment.

Although originally created to deal with widespread unrest and disturbances that endangered public safety, affray charges are now becoming more common in private situations.

What is affray?

Affray is legally defined as “a person who uses or threatens unlawful violence towards another, and whose conduct is such as would cause a person of reasonable firmness present at the scene to fear for his or her safety…” .

In order for affray to be proven, there doesn’t actually need to have been a third person present at the scene, it is enough for the prosecution to prove that if a person had been there, they would have been afraid for their safety.

What is the difference between affray and assault?

There is often confusion as to the differences between affray and assault.

Although both charges usually involve some form of physical violence, affray is used when there is a third party involved who is affected by the incident, or it is of such a nature that if a third person had been present they would have had reasonable grounds to be afraid.

Verbal threats alone are not enough to qualify as affray, there needs to be some form of physical violence or threat of violence that is serious enough to make another person fear for their safety.

What are some other public disorder offences?

There are some other public disorder offences that are similar to affray, including violent disorder and riot.

  • Violent disorder. Although violent disorder and affray have a number of similar elements, there are some major differences. Violent disorder involves three or more people, and the violent behaviour does not have to be directed towards another person or people, it can be aimed at property instead.
  • Riot. This involves a group of twelve or more people with a common purpose, whose conduct together would be sufficient to cause a person of reasonable firmness to fear for their safety. Riot is a serious offence, and carries a maximum of 15 years imprisonment.

How can I defend myself against an affray charge?

If you are facing a charge of affray, it is advisable to seek legal help.

Affray can be dealt with in either the local or district court, and the penalties vary depending on where the hearing takes place.

Some potential defences for an affray charge include self-defence and duress.

As affray in NSW law can come with a hefty prison sentence of up to 10 years, it is important to take any charges of affray seriously and present the strongest possible case.

In many cases, with the right criminal defence lawyer, you may be able to have the charges withdrawn at an early stage and avoid the need to go to court.

If the matter does proceed to court, some things that might help you defend yourself include obtaining character references, participating in counselling or drug and alcohol rehabilitation programs where appropriate, and making the court aware of any mitigating circumstances that may have contributed to the alleged offence.


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About Ugur Nedim

Ugur Nedim is an Accredited Specialist Criminal Lawyer and Principal at Sydney Criminal Lawyers, Sydney's leading firm of criminal and traffic defence lawyers.
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