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Influencing a Juror

Influencing a juror is an offence under section 323(b) of the Crimes Act 1900, which carries a maximum penalty of 7 years in prison.

To establish the offence, the prosecution must prove beyond reasonable doubt that:

  1. You engaged in any act, and
  2. You did so intending to influence any person whether or not a particular person in the person’s conduct as a juror in judicial proceedings other than by the production of evidence  or argument in open court.

It is immaterial whether the person had been sworn as a juror at the time of your conduct.

A ‘judicial proceeding’ is one in or before which a judicial tribunal can take evidence under oath.

A ‘judicial tribunal’ is any person, including a coroner or arbitrator, or any court or other body authorised by law or by the consent of the parties to conduct a hearing to determine any matter or thing

The maximum penalty increases to 14 years in prison where the prosecution is able to prove beyond reasonable doubt that you intended by your conduct to procure the conviction or acquittal of any person for a serious indictable offence.

A ‘serious indictable offence’ is one that carries a maximum penalty of at least 5 years in prison.

Defences to the charge include:

  1. Duress, and
  2. Self defence, including the defence of another.

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