Using a carriage service to cause a child to engage in sexual activity with another person is an offence under section 474.25A(2) of the Criminal Code Act 1995 (Cth), which carries a maximum penalty of 20 years in prison.
To establish the offence, the prosecution must prove beyond reasonable doubt that:
‘Sexual activity’ includes a broad range of conduct of a sexual nature including sexual intercourse, sexual touching and masturbation.
The offence encompasses the use of a carriage service to see or hear, in real time, a person under 16 years of age engaging in sexual activity as well as engaging in sexual activity that was seen or heard, in real time, by a person under 16 years of age.
A ‘carriage service’ is:
‘a service for carrying communications by means of guided and/or unguided electromagnetic energy’, which includes telephone calls, text messages and internet transmissions such as emails and social media messaging when determining a person’s age at a particular time.
The fact-finder (whether judge-alone or jury) may treat as admissible evidence:
In the case of a jury trial, the judge must warn jurors that they must be satisfied of age requirements beyond a reasonable doubt before they can reach a verdict of guilty.
The age requirement of being under 16 may be satisfied where the other person was above that age, but represented himself or herself as below that age.
You are not guilty of the offence if you establish to the court ‘on the balance of probabilities’ that:
Duress is a defence to the charge.
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