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Cultivating Prohibited Plants other than Cannabis by Enhanced Indoor Means for a Commercial Purpose

Cultivating prohibited plants other than cannabis by enhanced indoor means for a commercial purpose is an offence under section 23(1A)(b) of the Drug Misuse and Trafficking Act 1985, which carries a maximum penalty of:

  1. 15 years in prison for less than a commercial quantity
  2. 20 years in prison for at least a commercial quantity but less than a large commercial quantity, or
  3. Life in prison for a large commercial quantity.

To establish the offence, the prosecution must prove beyond reasonable doubt that:

  1. You cultivated a plant, or you knowingly took part in the cultivation of a plant
  2. The plant was a prohibited plant other than cannabis
  3. The cultivation occurred by enhanced indoor means, and
  4. The cultivation was for a commercial purpose.

Prohibited plants other than cannabis include:

  1. Erythroxylon (a source of cocaine)
  2. Papaver Somniferum (opium poppy)
  3. Papaver Orientale (Oriental poppies), and
  4. Papaver Bracteatum (Iranian or Persian poppies).

‘Cultivating’ includes sowing or scattering seeds, planting, growing, tending, nurturing or harvesting.

You ‘knowingly took part in’ cultivation if you:

  1. Took or participated in any step of the cultivation process or caused any such step to be taken
  2. Provided or arranged finance for any step in the cultivation process, or
  3. Provided the premises for any step in the cultivation process, or suffered or permitted any such step to be taken in a premises for which you were the owner, lessee, occupier or manager.

Cultivation is ‘by enhanced indoor means’ if it occurs:

  1. Inside a building or structure, and
  2. Involves one or more of the following:

(a) The nurture of the plant in nutrient-enriched water

(b) The application of an artificial light or heat source

(c) Suspending the plant’s roots and spraying them with nutrient solution.

Cultivation is for a ‘commercial purpose’ if it occurred:

  1. With the intention of selling it or any of its products, or
  2. With the belief that another person intended to sell it or any of its products.

You are not guilty if you had a valid licence, permit or authorisation to cultivate the plant.

Defences to the charge include duress and necessity.

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