To establish the offence, the prosecution must prove beyond reasonable doubt that:
The prosecution does not need to prove that the other person actually feared the threat would be carried out.
‘Fear’ includes apprehension.
‘Threat to cause serious harm’ includes to substantially contribute to such harm.
A ‘carriage service’ is defined as:
‘a service for carrying communications by means of guided and/or unguided electromagnetic energy’ which includes telephone calls, text messages and internet transmissions, such as emails and the use of social media sites.
Defences to the charge include:
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