Section 91Q Crimes Act | Distribute intimate image without consent


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Distributing an intimate image without consent is an offence under section 91Q of the Crimes Act 1900, which carries a maximum penalty of 3 years in prison.

To establish the offence, the prosecution must prove beyond reasonable doubt that:

  1. You intentionally distributed an intimate image of another person
  2. Without that person’s consent
  3. Knowing the other person did not consent to the distribution, or being reckless as to whether they were consenting

An ‘intimate image’ is defined as a person’s private parts, or a person engaged in a private act, or an image altered to appear to show a person’s private parts, or the person engaged in a private act, where a reasonable person would expect to be afforded privacy.

‘Private parts’ is defined as the genital or anal area, whether bare or covered by underwear, or the breasts of a female, or transgender or intersex person identifying as female; whether or not the breasts are developed.

‘Private act’ is defined as a state of undress, or using the toilet, showering or bathing, or a sexual act of a kind not ordinarily done in public, or any other like activity.

The Legislation

Section 91Q of the Crimes Act deals with the offence of “Distribute intimate image without consent” and reads as follows:

91Q Distribute intimate image without consent

(1) A person who intentionally distributes an intimate image of another person:
(a) without the consent of the person, and
(b) knowing the person did not consent to the distribution or being reckless as to whether the person consented to the distribution, is guilty of an offence.

Maximum penalty: 100 penalty units or imprisonment for 3 years, or both.

(2) A prosecution of a person under the age of 16 years for an offence against this section is not to be commenced without the approval of the Director of Public Prosecutions.

Why Sydney Criminal Lawyers®?

Having the right legal team on your side can make all the difference when it comes to fighting and winning your “distribute intimate image without consent” case.

At Sydney Criminal Lawyers®, we understand how valuable your reputation and future is – which is why we fight hard to obtain excellent results, even in the most difficult cases.

In every matter, we carefully examine all the evidence to find deficiencies with the prosecution case – if raised at an early stage in proceedings, we can push to have the charges dropped on this basis – sparing you the time and inconvenience of a defended hearing.

Where the prosecution refuses to drop the charges, our expert lawyers will work hard to build a strong defence case, by collecting and presenting all favourable evidence in a positive light and examining all relevant witnesses.

We can also help you raise any defences to the charges – for example, where you were unaware of the images being sent to others, or where the other person had given you consent to distribute them.

Our lawyers have years of experience fighting these types of cases and consistently obtain results better than those achieved by any other law firm.

We can also assist if you simply wish to accept the allegations against you and plead guilty – in these situations, our senior lawyers can prepare and present compelling sentencing submissions which persuade the magistrate to deal with the matter leniently.

Where there is evidence of positive factors such as your good character or a lack of prior offending, our lawyers will strive to obtain a ‘section 10 dismissal or conditional release order,’ which is where you are found guilty of the offence but no conviction is recorded on your criminal record.

This means that you are free to get on with your life as soon as possible.

For the best defence in your “distribute intimate image without consent” case, call the experts at Sydney Criminal Lawyers® on (02) 9261 8881 and book your FREE first conference today.