Section 10 is when you plead ‘guilty’ or are found ‘guilty’ of a ‘criminal offence’ or a ‘major traffic offence’ but the Court decides not to give you a criminal conviction (criminal record) or licence disqualification.
Section 10 of the Crimes (Sentencing Procedure) Act 1999 (NSW) gives the court power to deal with ‘guilty’ persons by:
- ‘dismissing’ the charge/s completely (s10(1)(a)), or
- discharging him/her into a good behaviour bond of 2 years or less (s10(1)(b)), or
- discharging him/her into an intervention program (eg drug and alcohol program, traffic offender program etc) (s10(1)(c)).
The important thing is that there is no criminal conviction, no fine and – in driving cases – no licence disqualification.
Section 10 is available for all criminal charges and driving charges.
The court must consider the following matters when deciding whether to grant a section 10:
(a) the person’s character, antecedents (ie history), age, health and mental condition,
(b) the trivial nature of the offence,
(c) the extenuating circumstances in which the offence was committed, and
(d) any other matter that the court thinks proper to consider.
Not necessarily. Although someone is more likely to get a section 10 if the offence is ‘trivial’ (ie not serious), the cases make it clear that section 10 can be used for very serious offences also.
For example, the important case of R v Paris  involved a man who pleaded guilty in the District Court to threatening to use weapons against police (max penalty 12 years prison) and two counts of assault.
The Court called it ‘undoubtedly a very serious offence’ but also found that section 10 can be used in such cases if there are very good reasons for doing so, eg if there are sufficient ‘extenuating circumstances’ (eg provocation, distress, mental instability etc), if the person is otherwise of excellent character etc.
Similarly, the case of R v Piccin (No 2)  involved a 40 year old nursing student, Ms Piccin, who pleaded ‘not guilty’ but was found ‘guilty’ by a District Court jury of ‘maliciously wounding’ and ‘stalking’ her former partner.
The facts of that case were that Ms Piccin tracked-down her former partner and, in a fit of jealousy, stabbed him in the chin, shoulder and finger with a knife.
Again, the Court found that section 10 can be used in such serious cases if there are very good reasons for doing so.
Importantly, the Court stated that it is ‘proper to consider’ the effects of a criminal conviction on the person’s employment prospects when deciding whether to grant a section 10.
An ‘extenuating circumstance’ is something out-of-the-ordinary that can partly explain why the offence was committed.
For example, in the case of Mr Paris (above), his wife tormented and assaulted him before he ‘lost the plot’, grabbed a knife and committed offences against police.
Similarly, Ms Piccin (above) had a terrible life whereby she lost her husband, was then ‘duped’ by a con-artist out of her home and two business and was then ‘dumped’ by her new partner (the man she assaulted).
Although such circumstances do not excuse the conduct, they can go some way towards explaining it and increasing the chances of a section 10.
Your chances of getting a section 10 are better if you provide the court with material showing that:
- you are a person of good character, which can be done by preparing up to 3 character references (see Character Reference Guide); and/or
- the offence occurred during a difficult time in your life, which can be shown by preparing ‘written instructions’ for your lawyer (which is just a handwritten outline of the events leading up to the incident) which your lawyer can use when addressing the court, and/or
- you have taken steps towards addressing any underlying issues, which can be done through attending counselling, attending a course (eg anger management, drug and alcohol etc) and/or seeing a psychologist / psychiatrist and having your lawyer obtain a report.
For driving offences, the chances of getting a section 10 are better if you complete a Traffic Offender Program.
An early plea of ‘guilty’ is also relevant as it shows that you quickly accepted responsibililty and are remorseful.
Sydney Criminal Lawyers understands how important it is to remain ‘conviction-free’ for your employment prospects, visa requirements, travel prospects and reputation.
We know how crucial your driver licence can be for your employment and family obligations.
We pride ourselves on obtaining section 10’s in situations where other criminal lawyers simply cannot to do so.
Sydney Criminal Lawyers does this by preparing thoroughly for your case, having an in-depth knowledge of the applicable laws, having the necessary experience and familiarity with Magistrates and Judges, and persuasively presenting your case in court.
Our lawyers will guide you in the preparation of any necessary materials; including character references or a letter of apology to the court, and assist you to undertake initiatives to maximise your chances of getting a section 10 – including seeing a counsellor psychologist, attending a traffic offender program / sober driver program etc.
And while many criminal law firms will send ‘junior lawyers’ to represent you in court, we are the only firm to offer a Specialist Lawyer Guarantee; so you will be represented by the very best in court, including on your day of ‘sentencing’ (which is when we push for a section 10).
We also offer a free first appointment and fixed fees for many services, again, including for ‘sentencings’.
Call us today on (02) 9261 8881.