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Parole is the release of an inmate(the parolee) into the community after the expiry of their ‘non-parole period’ (the minimum term they must spend in prison) and before the expiry of their full term of imprisonment.
So, for example, an inmate who is given a non-parole period of 7 years and a full term of 10 years in prison will be eligible to apply for parole after 7 years.
The primary purpose of parole is to ensure the smooth transition of inmates back into society by ensuring they have access to appropriate support and rehabilitation services such as mental health support, and drug and alcohol programs, before the expiration of their full terms of imprisonment. Parole therefore attempts to avoid the situation where a person might be ‘left to their own devices’ in the community without support.
In addition to providing access to support services, parole is intended to ensure the community is protected through the supervision of inmates.
A parolee will constantly face the prospect of their parole being revoked, which acts as an incentive to comply with parole conditions and participate in rehabilitation programs – something which can in turn reduce the likelihood of reoffending.
Here in NSW, the Crimes (Sentencing Procedure) Act 1999, sets out a number of important rules to be applied by Courts in relation to parole.
Whilst the Act is complicated and nuanced with respect to how sentences of imprisonment are to be set, the basic requirements in relation to parole can be summarised as follows:
Where an offender is sentenced to more than three years imprisonment, Section 135 of the Crimes (Administration of Sentences) Act 1999 (CSPA) prohibits the State Parole Authority from granting parole unless it is satisfied, on the balance of probabilities, that such a grant is ‘appropriate in the public interest’.
Making that decision, the Authority must have regard to a range of matters including:
(a) The need to protect the safety of the community,
(b) The need to maintain public confidence in the administration of justice,
(c) The nature and circumstances of the offence to which the offender’s sentence relates,
(d) Any relevant comments made by the sentencing court,
(e) The offender’s criminal history,
(f) The likelihood of the offender being able to adapt to normal lawful community life,
(g) The likely effect on any victim of the offender, and on any such victim’s family, of the offender being released to parole,
(h) any report in relation to the granting of parole to the offender that has been prepared by or on behalf of the Probation and Parole Service.
It is evident from the legislation that public safety and the interests of victims are important considerations. If an offender is too dangerous to be released, they should ordinarily be refused parole and required to serve their entire sentence in prison.
A grant of parole will always have conditions. The standard conditions are:
a) place of residenceb) participating in programs, treatment, interventions or other related activitiesc) participating in employment, education, training or other related activitiesd) not undertaking specified employment, education, training, volunteer, leisure or other activitiese) not associating with specified peoplef) not visiting or frequenting specified places or areasg) ceasing drug useh) ceasing or reducing alcohol usei) drug and alcohol testingj) monitoring your compliance with the parole orderk) giving consent to third parties to provide information to the officer that is relevant to your compliance with the parole order.
The parolee must permit the officer to visit and enter the place of residents.
Parole review hearings are held from Tuesday to Friday in Court 1A of the Sydney West Trial Courts, which is located at 6 George Street, Parramatta.
The hearings are normally presided over by five people – a judge, police officer, community corrections officer and two members of the public, and are held in open court.
Inmates appear via audio-visual link and their criminal defence lawyers attend in person.
The hearings can involve evidence being given by those involved, documents tendered and verbal submissions made – after which a decision is made regarding parole and its conditions.
The defence team at Sydney Criminal Lawyers® is experienced in representing clients at review hearings and can be contacted anytime on (02) 9261 8881 to provide accurate advice and outstanding representation for you or your loved one.
Sydney Criminal Lawyers® is Australia's Leading Criminal Defence firm, Delivering Outstanding Results in all Criminal and Driving cases. Going to Court? Call (02) 9261 8881 for a Free Consultation.